I am going to give you all the information you need to be able to hand paint a kitchen or furniture to professional standards with the toughness and durability required to take all the knocks of daily family life.
1. Remove all doors, drawers, knobs, handles and hinges. For a perfect professional result, you need to remove the above to allow everything to look clean and sparkly at completion stage if the project. You certainly dont want any paint on the nice hardware.
2. Degrease. This is the first vital step. I recommend using Maalipesu from Tikkurila. Spraying this on and giving the furniture a good scrub with a scotch cloth will cut into heavy grease, then rinse . I advise you repeat this process to ensure there is no residue of grease left. You can usually test this out by hand as it should literally feel squeaky clean. Your hand will catch on any remaining grease if it is remains, so just check using tactile means with a clean grease proof hand if course!
3. Abrade. Use 240 grit to get a fine abrasion which will not leave scratch marks.This will ensure the primer coat will stick extremely well. The primer I use doesnt usually need surfaces to be abrade as it is an adhesion primer, but this method absolutely guarantees it will not chip in the future, so the above is a belt and braces measure. Vacuum all if the furniture including the carcasses. Then use a damp micro fibre cloth to really get any last residue of dust off. Regularly rinse out the cloth in clean water so you ate not re contaminating the surface. Repeat.
4. Apply the primer. I use Tikkurila Otex High Adhesion Primer. This is oil based. It ir extremely tough and will guarantee that your top coats will not chip when whacked with pots and pans. Always get the oil based to get maximum guaranteed results. You can also have this tinted to the top coat colour to give the solidity. For the doors and carcasses I recommend that you use a small sash brush or fine nylon artists brush- gold taklon. The doors should be painted around the inner panels with a fine brush or a pointed sash brush.Then roll the flat surfaces of the doors with a roller such as Prodec Ice fusion and then use the tip of a quality brush such as a Purdy Sprig Elite to lay off or smooth out the surface so there are no roller marks.
5. De- nib. Lightly sand off any imperfections with a 240 grit paper. Be very careful not to burn through the primer. This process can be litely done. Then vacuum again and repeat the process with the microfiber cloth as above.
6. Apply the top coats. Now the fun really begins! You have put in all the hard work for a perfect foundation to achieve the perfect finish. I use Helmi by Tikkurila. This comes in three sheen levels 10, 30 and 80%. The popular one for kitchens is Helmi 10. You apply this without adding any water at this stage. Just neat. Lay all the doors flat as above. Roll and tip as described above. Use your fine brushes for the carcasses and any detailed areas. Once dry, de nib, vacuum, etc. Now the next coat you can add a little water. No more than a teaspoon full to half a litre of water. You may add a product such as Floetrol to retard drying time and increase flow but this is generally not needed. Repeat with the final third coat. You should have a solid colour by now with a smooth finish with no to minimal brush marks.
7. Re- hang all knobs handles and hinges.
You’ve made it! By conscientious prep and application of paints your kitchen should look superb and have major durability and shouldn’t ever chip. Enjoy!
Should you require a professional service, I am available for a free consultation so that you can have a beautiful, aesthetic work of art.